Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Urban and Peripheral Ecosystems

Research Title .. : .. Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Urban and  Peripheral Ecosystems.
Principal Investigator .. : .. Prof. Sr. Dr. Mazlan Hashim
Research Description .. : .. The world’s urban population is predicted to reach nearly 5 billion by 2030 with much of this growth in developing countries and
.. .. in cities with < 500 000 inhabitants (UNFPA 2007).  Green areas have been justified on
biodiversity-diagramthe basis of ecological and social services such as improved climate, hygiene, aesthetics, recreational opportunities, environmental protection and biodiversity.  In order to improve and optimize urban biodiversity, participation of local people is essential. However, the increasing human population and the associated increase in rates of resource use and habitat loss  are forcing competition between wildlife and people for space and food resources (human-wildlife conflict).  Urban and its peripheral ecosystems should play more important roles in conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Hence,  In this research, emphasis is place on the following objectives:

  1. past and current conditions of natural environment in relation to biodiversity in urban and peripheral ecosystems
  2. natural resource use by local community in urban and peripheral areas
  3. human wildlife conflict (HWC) in urban and peripheral areas

Comparative studies on objectives will be carried out in Tokyo, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore and Johor Bahru cities. The major outcomes of this study  is Contribution to local government (Tokyo Metropolitan government, KL city, and Johor Bahru) in establishing the followings:  (i) Guideline for conservation and management of urban forests (FAO), (ii) City Biodiversity Index (CBI)ï¼Âˆe.g. URBIOï¼ÂšUrban Biodiversity & Design), and (iii) Guideline of sustainable tourism in natural environment (e.g. IUCN).

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